December 16, 2023 | Fairlyeven

A Quick Guide to How Money Is Taxed

A Quick Guide to How Money Is Taxed

Taxes are unavoidable when building long-term wealth and financial health. Understanding taxable income is essential, as it forms the foundation of how money is taxed. Keep reading to learn how your money is taxed.

What Is Taxable Income?

Taxable income refers to all income subject to calculation and filing of income tax with the tax authorities, including earnings and profits from wages, self-employment or business, investment interest or dividend gains, and rental profits.

Other sources of money received throughout a fiscal year, minus eligible deductions or exclusions, are also considered taxable income. Imagine your income as a pie. Taxable income remains after deducting expenses allowed by law to reduce taxes.

Understanding the Sources of Money Subject to Taxation

Your taxable income is made up of various sources, including wages and salaries, which refer to your regular pay, bonuses, and commissions earned from employment. If you own a business, your share of the profits is also included in your taxable income, regardless of whether it is a sole proprietorship, a partnership, or an S-corporation.

Moreover, interest earned on savings accounts and CDs, stock dividends, and capital gains from selling investments contributes to your taxable income. Miscellaneous earnings such as rental income, royalties, prizes, and awards also fall here.

To calculate taxable income, determine gross income (all significant earnings in a tax year) before adjustments.

You can subtract eligible deductions and exclusions from gross income to figure out your taxable income.


Common Tax Deductions

Common deductions include the standard deduction, qualified business expenses, student loan interest, retirement contributions to accounts like 401(k) plans, and certain medical or dental expenses.


Understanding Your Tax Liability

Taxable income determines your tax liability based on the tax tables, rates, or codes set by the taxman (IRS, in the US). The more taxable income exceeds the standard deduction and other adjustments, the greater your tax bill.


Wrapping up

Your financial health and wealth-building efforts greatly depend on optimizing deductions and managing tax liabilities effectively. Consider exploring Fairlyeven, a platform dedicated to providing insightful content for business owners, to deepen your understanding of financial matters and connect with a community of like-minded individuals.